Types of Telemedicine Process

Telemedicine process can be categorised in two ways i.e. technology involved and application adopted.

A). Technology involved:
  • Real Time or Synchronous:
    Real time telemedicine could be as simple as a telephone call or as complex as telemedical video conference and tele-robotic surgery. It requires the presence of both parties at the same time and a telecommunication link between them that allows a real-time interaction to take place. Video-conferencing equipment is one of the most common forms of technology used in synchronous telemedicine.

  • Store-and-forward telemedicine or Asynchronous:
    It involves acquiring medical data (like medical history, images, etc) and then transmitting this data to a doctor or medical specialist at a convenient time later for assessment offline. It does not require the presence of both parties at the same time. Examples are tele-pathology, tele-radiology, tele-dermatolgy.
B). Application adopted:
  • Tele-Pathology
  • Tele-Cardiology
  • Tele-Radiology
  • Tele-Surgery
  • Tele-Ophthalmology
So on and so forth.